Jun 4, 2024 • 7 min read

How to Make a Hardcover Book: A Step-by-Step Guide

Discover how to make a hardcover book with our easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide. Create a professional-looking hardcover book for your next project.

How to Make a Hardcover Book: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a hardcover book is a rewarding process that can turn into a memorable, long-lasting keepsake. Whether you're a writer, an artist, or a business professional, understanding how to make a hardcover book can take your projects to the next level. We'll walk you through the steps of hardcover bookmaking, from preparing your content to adding the finishing touches.


Preparing Your Book's Content 

Before diving into the technical aspects, we'll cover essential formatting tips, choosing the right paper, and how to ensure your book is reader-friendly. We'll discuss margins, font selection, and page numbers, followed by a guide to picking the best paper for your book to help you create a visually appealing and well-formatted book.


Margins: Setting the correct margins is vital for a polished look and readability. Apply a standard bleed of 0.125" to all inside pages and 0.8" on the top, bottom, and outer edges of your front, back, and spine. A 0.2" bleed covers the hinge area for the inner edge to ensure your content is aesthetically pleasing and positioned correctly.


Font and Size: The balance of readability and fitting a reasonable amount of text on each page is crucial to the overall reading experience. A 12-point font size is standard for the main body text, and consider line spacing of 1.15 or 1.5 to prevent text from appearing cramped. Keeping the font and size consistent throughout is also essential. However, you may use different sizes and styles for chapter titles and headings to build a visual hierarchy to control the order in which readers view your content.


Page Numbers: Page numbers help readers navigate your book and should appear in the header or footer, typically in the middle at the bottom or on the outer corners of each page. Use a small, unobtrusive font, and keep the placement consistent throughout. Special pages like chapter introductions may omit page numbers, but ensure they do not interfere with the main text or illustrations.


Choosing the Right Paper for Your Book: Your paper type and weight can significantly affect your book's feel, appearance, and overall aesthetic. For inner pages, 70lb paper is light and flexible, making it a cost-effective option that still feels substantial. An 80lb paper is thicker and more durable, providing a high-end feel and ensuring the pages withstand frequent handling. For maximum durability and a luxurious finish, 100lb paper is ideal.

Different paper types can further enhance your book's appearance. Satin paper offers a smooth, coated stock with a slight sheen, making printed text and graphics bright and well-defined. Gloss paper is known for its high sheen and is ideal for graphic-heavy projects like photography. In contrast, uncoated paper has a soft finish, perfect for writing and giving printed colors a muted appearance.


A close-up photograph of stacked sheets of paper for hardcover books.


Creating the Book Cover

Your book cover is the first thing people will see, so it must be attention-grabbing and well-designed.


Front Cover

hardcover book cover design should prominently feature the book title and the author's name, ensuring these elements are easily readable. A compelling image or design should capture the book's essence, set the tone and attract potential readers with clear visual cues to the book's content.


Back Cover

The back cover serves as an informational and persuasive zone. It often contains a blurb that briefly summarizes the book, enticing readers with a glimpse of the story or key themes. An author bio can help establish credibility and foster a more personal connection with the audience. If you intend to sell your book, the back cover can feature an ISBN number, which is essential for retail purposes and inventory management.



The book's spine is vital for visibility when shelved. It should include the book title and the author's name and ensure the text is readable from a distance. The spine's design should be consistent with the front and back covers and include decorative elements that complement the cover design to make your book attractive from every angle.



Lamination is a finish added to a printed surface to increase longevity and enhance aesthetics. Matte lamination provides a smooth, non-reflective finish, giving book covers a sophisticated and elegant appearance while improving durability. Gloss lamination offers a shiny, reflective finish that makes printed colors pop so covers look sleek and modern while protected from general wear and tear.


A close-up photo of a yellow hardcover book on a light blue background.


Hardcover Bookbinding Process Simplified

Binding your book is where it all comes together. Here's a step-by-step guide to the hardcover bookbinding process:

  1. Book Block Preparation: Folded and trimmed printed pages become signatures (grouped pages), then bound with adhesive (or add Smyth sewing) and compressed to form a book block.
  2. Endpaper Attachment: An adhesive binds the endpapers to the inside of the front and back pages.
  3. Creating the Cover: The cover comprises two covers and a spine, typically made from non-flexible cardboard covered with printed paper.
  4. Assembling the Book: The book block is encased in the cover and attached with an adhesive.
  5. Add Finishing Touches: Decorative elements that enhance a book's appearance, like dust jackets, are printed separately.


The Benefits of Smyth Sewing

Smyth sewing is a well-recognized bookbinding method, where signatures are groups of folded pages joined together with thread. This method offers flexibility and durability to book spines, ensuring pages remain securely bound even with frequent use. It provides comfortable reading experiences and ensures a professional appearance, making it a preferred choice for high-quality hardcover books.


Finishing Touches



Endpapers are your book's first and last pages, attached inside the cover. You can create a cohesive look by choosing a colour that complements the book's theme or even a contrasting colour for striking visual appeal. These pages are crucial to the book's overall structure and aesthetics and provide a seamless transition from cover to content. Additionally, colored endpapers reinforce the book's spine, contributing to the durability and longevity of the hardcover binding.


Adding a Dust Jacket

Dust jackets protect your book while providing additional space for creativity and information. Dust jackets include foldable panels with author information, reviews, and a summary, giving potential readers more reasons to pick up your book. They can feature the same design as the cover or offer a similar look, adding another layer of visual interest.


Tips and Tricks


Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Overcrowded Cover Design: Keep your design simple and straightforward to ensure readability and visual appeal. Avoid cluttered elements that can overwhelm the reader.
  • Poor Paper Choice: Select a paper that complements your content and enhances the book's overall feel. The right paper improves both the aesthetic and tactile experience.
  • Inconsistent Formatting: To maintain a professional appearance, ensure uniformity throughout. Consistent margins, fonts, and spacing are critical.


Tips for Creating a Professional-Looking Hardcover Book

  • Proofread Thoroughly: Eliminate typos and errors by conducting multiple rounds of proofreading. You can do this with a writing assistant like Grammarly or work with a professional proofreader.
  • High-Quality Images: Use high-resolution images for clarity and visual impact. Blurry or pixelated images can detract from your work's quality and poor first impressions.
  • Balanced Layout: Make sure text and images align to create an aesthetically pleasing and readable book. Proper alignment and spacing contribute to a clean, professional look.


Visit our Hardcover Book product page and How To Print Hardcover Books support page to see your ideas come to life in a beautiful, durable format. You can also check out the array of posts on Mixam's Blog and visit our Support section for helpful guidance and advice on all things print.


Image Credit: Unsplash

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